Psychiatric History and Overactive Bladder Symptom Severity in Ambulatory Urogynecological Patients

Artur Rogowski, Maria Krowicka-Wasyl, Ewa Chotkowska, Tomasz Kluz, Andrzej Wróbel, Dominika Berent, Paweł Mierzejewski, Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, Adam Wichniak, Marcin Wojnar, Jerzy Samochowiec, Katarzyna Kilis-Pstrusinska and Przemyslaw Bienkowski

overactive bladder; urinary incontinence; psychiatric comorbidity; psychotropic medication; urogynecology

         Introduction and hypothesis: A link between psychiatric comorbidities and overactive bladder symptomatology has been suggested by preclinical and clinical studies. Given this, we hypothesized that a psychiatric history and current treatment with psychotropic medications could be related to the severity of overactive bladder and incontinence symptoms in patients referred to a tertiary care urogynecological center. Methods: One hundred and twenty-seven female patients diagnosed with an overactive bladder were screened for a lifetime history of psychiatric disorders and the type and number of psychotropic medications currently taken. The overall severity of overactive bladder symptoms was assessed using the Indevus Urgency Severity Scale. The severity and impact of urinary incontinence on the quality of life were quantified with the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Short Form. Urinary incontinence was further quantified with the aid of the Urinary Distress Inventory-6. The patients were screened for stress urinary incontinence using the Stamey Incontinence Score. Results: A psychiatric history, as well as current use of at least two psychotropic medications, was associated with increased severity of overactive bladder symptoms. A history of depression and current treatment with any selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor was associated with increased severity of stress urinary incontinence symptoms. Current treatment with other psychotropic medications, including sedative-hypnotics and drugs with anticholinergic properties was not related to the severity of overactive bladder and incontinence symptoms.