Sleepwalking episodes

Piotr Januszko, Szymon Niemcewicz, Tomasz Gajda, Dorota Wołyńczyk-Gmaj, Anna Justyna Piotrowska, Bartłomiej Gmaj, Tadeusz Piotrowski, Waldemar Szelenberger.
Cingulate motor areas; Local arousal; NREM parasomnia; Somnambulism; eLORETA

To investigate local arousal fluctuations in adults who received ICSD-2 diagnosis of somnambulism.


EEG neuroimaging (eLORETA) was utilized to compare current density distribution for 4s epochs immediately precedingsleepwalking episode (from -4.0 s to 0 s) to the distribution during earlier 4s epochs (from -8.0 s to -4.0 s) in 20 EEG segments from 15 patients.


Comparisons between eLORETA images revealed significant (t>4.52; p<0.05) brain activations before onset ofsleepwalking, with greater current density within beta 3 frequency range (24-30 Hz) in Brodmann areas 33 and 24.


Sleepwalking motor events are associated with arousal-related activation of cingulate motor area.


These results support the notion of blurred boundaries between wakefulness and NREM sleep in sleepwalking.